THE Royal Palace and THE
cathedral of the almudena
The Royal Palace is a 2000-room
building that the King Phillip IV commissioned
to prominent Italian architects to build
at the same place where the first Arabian
fort "Alcázar" was built. The Palace
was the royal residence from its origins,
and remained that way until the deposition
of Alfonso XIII. His successor and current
King of Spain , King Juan Carlos, resides
outside of the city, and the Palace is now
only used for official events.
Among the chambers
that are open to the public, we recommend
that you visit the huge Banquet chamber,
the Porcelain Room with its beautifully
decorated walls and ceilings, the
royal hall where the Throne and royal
seats are located, and the Room Gasparini.
In front of the Palace you should
visit the Plaza de la Armería
that precedes the entrance to the
Palace and where the guard change
Adjacent to the Palace
lays the Cathedral of our Lady of Almudena.
Its construction started about a century
ago, and was not consecrated until the nineties.
The church contains the relics of Saint
Isidro, and was chosen by the heir to the
Spanish throne for his marriage in 2004.
MONASTERIES OF THE "ENCARNACION"
AND OF THE "DESCALZAS"
These monasteries are both
located in the oldest part of the city and
were built at around the same time. The
Monastery of the "Encarnación" (Incarnation)
is very close to the Royal Palace , and
the Monastery of the "Descalzas" (bare feet)
is near the Puerta Del Sol.
The Monastery of the Incarnation
was created in the sixteen hundreds
as an Augustinian convent ordered
by Phillip the 3rd. The building
was built during the Madrilean Baroque
and inside there is a Chamber of
Relics, where the blood of Saint
Pantaleo is kept.
Founded by Jeanne
of Austria in the building where
she was born, the Monastery of the
"Descalzas" attracted mostly the
religious ladies of the Royal House
and of noble families that arrived
at the convent with the works of
art of their property. Today, the
art collection of the convent is
of saint isidro
Madrid counts with a large
number of beautiful churches. We have selected
a small number that we believe are the most
The church of Saint Isidro
was Madrid 's cathedral for over a hundred
years, but it was substituted by the new
Cathedral of Almudena. The Church still
keeps part of the relics of the Saint.
restored church of Saint Francis the
Great is located in the south western
part of the city and features part
of the work of Goya. In the north
west of Madrid lies the Church of
Saint Mark , a national monument since
1944. Half way between the two churches,
there is the Basilica of Saint Michael,
constructed in Italian baroque style.